State of Saṃskṛtam…

 

Rigveda MS in Sanskrit on paper

Rigveda MS in Sanskrit on paper

..is in dire straits according to this article from Samskrita Bharati. Here is the original article and here are some excerpts from the English translation.

What is this serious situation? The place of Sanskrit in schools is the biggest base of Sanskrit these days. But that also seems to be slipping away now. With the advent of the rule that to be a teacher in Elementary and Secondary schools, a teacher-qualification-examination must be passed. However, in many places for those exams Sanskrit subject is not set by the government. In these boards, we are able to secure this by going to the court – CTET exam coordinated by CBSE and Haryana’s TET examinations. But, for TET conducted by UP even the Highcourt did not help Sanskrit in this matter related to examinations. We don’t know how many courts in how many states we’ll have to go.
In Central (kendriya) Schools, at present English, Hindi and Sanskrit – these three languages are taught. But now as an option to Sanskrit, these two languages are offered – French and German. Central Schools follow the syllabus created by Central Board of Secondary Education, and in that syllabus as a third language these option of Foreign languages was already provided – so for this reason we cannot go to court related to this matter. (The adoption of Foreign Languages in the three-language-formula is another topic and some people are thinking about going to court regarding it)
In Maharastra’s Marathi Secondary Schools, Hindi is taught as a compulsory third language. Maharastra government changed the rule and said that in its place German or French can also be taught. Due to this there was a commotion in the state assembly and the Governement revoked the new rule. It had justified the change claiming that students studying in English-medium schools score higher due to the Foreign languages but the students studying in villages are deprived of high scores due to this rule.

Read the whole article here

One thought on “State of Saṃskṛtam…

  1. That picture shows pada-paaTha of rigveda. The verses are divided into their individual words with their swaras. Generally, after learning samhitA- paaTha, students progress to pada-paaTha, then krama-paaTha in which the words are arranged as 1-2, 2-3, 3-4, etc… it gets really complicated with dhvaja, rekha, danda, ratha, mala, and finally ghana-paaTha (1-2,2-1,1-2-3, 3-2-1, 1-2-3, 2-3, 3-2, 2-3-4, 4-3-2, 2-3-4…).
    But I feel mAlA (or ratha.. I am not sure) is more complicated… where if a verse has two paadaas (2 lines), each consisting of n words (hence, this is not possible with every chhandas) then u have this order:
    1-2n, 2n-1, 2-(2n-1), (2n-1)-2,…. upto 2n-1, 1-2n (i.e., the first word of the first line is paired with the last word of the 2nd line, and so on)
    Even more complicated is one where you extend this logic to the whole suktam with the following properties:
    the suktam has m verses with each verse having 2 lines and each line having n words.
    1-2mn, 2mn-1, 2-(2mn-1), (2mn-1)-2,… (the first word of the first line of the first verse is paired with the last word of the 2nd line of the last verse, and so on)

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