The Earliest Writers & Writing Systems

A major human breakthrough, besides agriculture, was the ability to represent a language graphically. In ancient societies, where most of the people were illiterate, the writing was done by scribes.

  1. In this video, Sara Brumfield of UCLA demonstrates how scribes wrote on clay tablets in Mesopotamia.
  2. This video from The Oriental Institute, Chicago, talks about these scribes and the rationale behind cuneiform.
  3. Egyptian scribes and their work is described in this video from The Oriental Institute, Chicago